When you choose a hard or soft mattress, do you prefer it according to your tastes, or do you consider your needs?
Skin rejuvenation, stress relief, strengthening of defences, repair of the body and hormonal balance. These are just some of the activities that the body performs while we sleep. We lose conscious control, but our body continues to function and nothing more and nothing less than in its repair and strengthening.
This is why sleep is such an important daily activity and one that we should pay so much attention to. Opting for a hard or soft mattress should not be based on preference but the body’s needs.
What does firmness mean? of a mattress?
What? Firmness is the level of support that the core of a mattress brings to the body. Yes, firmness is not synonymous with hardness; a firm material can be flexible and resistant to the force applied for its sinking. Therefore, it is the support when sleeping that ensures that the spine remains aligned.
Attentive! No mattress is completely hard or soft; a complete hard surface would be a canapé, a soft one to sleep would be a hammock, and nobody wants to always sleep in any of them. Therefore, no cushion on the market is strictly hard or soft.
Mattresses vary in their level of firmness. The firmness is given by the type and characteristics of the core with which it is manufactured.
What is better, a soft or hard mattress? – Choose the right firmness for you
A particular belief has been created that hard or high firm mattresses are better when the truth is that the best bed is the one that adapts to what you need and provides maximum comfort to the body.
This is one of the essential characteristics at the moment the choice of a hard or soft mattress because the weight depends on the force applied to the core and its sinking. For people of low weight, that is, one less than 60 kg, a mattress of medium-low firmness is preferable since they do not apply enough force to sink the core and consequently, they can perceive the hard bed.
Those who weigh 70 and 100 kg can opt for mattresses of medium or medium-high firmness because, although the centre of the bed is quite firm, the padding that accompanies it makes the structure more comfortable as a soft mattress.
Now, for those with a weight greater than 100 kg, a hard mattress or high or very high firmness is better. Keep in mind that the weight on a soft bed or low or medium firmness causes the bed to produce a more excellent sinking, and therefore, fantastic support is not guaranteed, and that is when back pain appears.
This is an essential criterion but not a defining one. Because we don’t always sleep in the same position and less do we stay the same during the night. But, if in your case it predominates to sleep on your stomach or your back, it is best to choose a hard mattress, but with suitable padding so that there is adaptability in shoulders and pelvis.
While if you are like most and prefer to sleep on your side (recommended position), you need a mattress of medium firmness. When we rest on our shoulders, hips, and ankles, we exert more pressure on the bed and require sinking to keep the spine in a perfect position. If you have a hard bed, the spine becomes uneven and annoying back pain occurs.
The age variable is very easy to handle to buy a hard or soft mattress. For babies, soft beds are not recommended; in this case, they opt for mattresses of medium firmness, but always with the precaution that the elaboration material is exceptionally breathable to avoid suffocations.
Children who are of growing age should also not sleep on soft mattresses. As we know, sleep produces several organic processes related to regeneration, growth and development, so promoting poor posture with a soft bed is harmful.
Meanwhile, for young and old surfaces are recommended a little softer, but with a good level of firmness; that is, a hard mattress is better. Of course, in these cases, you have to consider if you suffer from any condition or disease in which soft beds are recommended, such as herniated discs.
A rigid or soft mattress for the back?
The back needs to stay aligned; this means that, when sleeping, body curves such as the hips and shoulders should be a little below in alignment. Therefore, we cannot be carried away by a hard mattress, but relatively firm and adaptable.
Nor does a mattress that is too soft work for us because then the spine is not aligned but curved, and that is when the pains occur. As always, it is best to look for the balance between support and adaptability.
When choosing a mattress, take care that it has a firm core but good padding accompanies it. Hr foam cores or bagged springs are usually quite strong, so it is recommended that they come accompanied by a visco padding. At the same time, latex mattresses are more flexible, therefore, more adaptable; their padding can be another type of foam.
How do you know if a mattress is too hard or soft?
An average mattress should be able to sink, even a minimum, when we put pressure on it. The force that we can use as a reference can be our own body; when lying on a model, it does not sink a little because it requires more significant pressure. Therefore it is a mattress too hard for us, but maybe it is a good mattress for a person of greater weight.
This same reference can be taken to evaluate if it is a mattress too soft. For example, when you don’t feel any support when you go to bed, it’s like being in a hammock or water mattress. Although this feeling may be pleasant in principle, in the long run, it is not healthy. A very hard or very soft bed can bring terrible consequences; the best option is a mattress with balance in support and adaptability.
What if the mattress is very hard?
- Hard mattresses do not respect the natural curves of the body. The trunk and legs are left in the wrong postures.
- The shape of the back is distorted (the spine is S-shaped). The upper vertebrae, such as cervical and first dorsal, are raised by the shoulders, while the waist sinks the dorsal vertebrae. And the lumbar, the lowest, are a little higher by the volume of the hips.
- Pressure points are generated in the protrusion zones.
- It does not help blood circulation. Pressure in certain areas weakens the flow.
- It prevents the muscles from relaxing; as the body is misaligned, the powers seek balance.
- It generates tension and little rest; it remains in an unnatural position. Therefore there is tension in the muscles of the person.
- You can wake up feeling tired, typical: “I slept, but I didn’t rest.”
How to make a hard mattress softer?
Is it a new mattress? If it is new, calm down, which indeed happens that you need to adapt to it. You can also play with the room’s temperature; there are materials that, under low temperatures, become extra firm, and when the temperature is lower, they become softer.
If none of these first options has worked and you have not rested for several weeks and back pains are appearing, you can opt for a topper; these are mattress toppers made of different materials and can significantly improve the feeling of the hardness your mattress.
Finally, remember that there is no hard or soft mattress; beds vary in firmness and adaptability. It would help if you kept in mind that a complex or very soft mattress has negative implications on your rest. It balances taste, comfort and health. To find the best bed, you should always look for the middle ground between these characteristics and think about your body’s needs.